Asklepius is considered the god of medicine. His worship was broadly known in the ancient world as Asklepieia buildings, which operated as sanatoriums and places of worship, proved.
According to tradition, Asklepius was the son of Apollo and was initiated into medicine by Centaurs Hironas.
The therapeutic way was based on the hypnosis of the patient. After the necessary sacrifices to the gods, Asklepius made his patients sleep, went into their dreams and gave them the appropriate cure.
Asklepius also made surgeries and therapeutic cures with medicine of that time. It is said that he had such a will to beat illnesses that he asked Zeus to defeat death. But Zeus in order to punish him for his arrogance threw a thunderbolt on him.
Asklepius set the bases of medicine, which were later established by Hippocrates. Asklepieia buildings were structured in his honor and had a leading role in the development if medicine. Apart from places of worship, they also operated as sanatoriums and medicine schools.
They were built in areas with a healthy environment, because they thought it could affect the patients. They followed therapeutic ways in combination to faith to god-healer.
We understand why doctors had the role of a priest as heeling came along with faith to protector god. It is a fact that Asklepieia as places of worship, sanatoriums and medicine schools had an important role in the spread and evolution of medicine.
Kos’ Asklepieio is considered one of the most important in the ancient world. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, was a teacher there.
It is located in the southwest part of the city, 4km from the capital. It was built during the 4th century and it is considered one of the most important sightseeings on the island.
According to historic sources it was ruined in the middle of the 5th century BC by a tremendous earthquake. Today visitors can see the altar of Asklepius , built in the 4th BC, the Ion style temple of Asklepius , built in the 3rd BC and the doric style temple of Asklepius , built in the 2nd BC.