Walk around the streets and alleys of the town

and become part of it’s old times and culture

Archaelogical Museum

ARCH_MUSEUM

The archaeological museum of the town is of great interest. Not only for the important antiquities it hosts but also for the building’s special architecture.

It is a two-storey building with three arched entrances.

It is consisted of three rooms around a yard with pillars and an atrium. There is a mosaic showing the arrival of Asklepius in Kos.

The museum hosts statues of the hellenistic and roman time, sepulchral and dedicative anaglyphs, etc.

Among the most important exhibits in the museum are the mosaic floors from roman residences, the headless statue of Asklepius dated from the 2nd AC, as and the statue of a man with a beard found in the arcades of the Conservatoire, which was named Hippocrates.

Asklipieio

ASKLIPIEION_NEW

Beyond Platani stands the island’s most famous and interesting ancient site, the ASKLEPIEION.

Kos’ native son Hippocrates is rightly remembered with street names, statues, a medical centre and even a tree. But he is mostly celebrated at this ancient sanatorium, founded in 444 BC not long after his death, which is now a major tourist attraction.

It was both a temple to the Asklepius, the god of healing, and a renowned Hellenic medical centre that functioned for around 1,000 years before falling into disrepair.

The setting is magnificent, elevated on hillside terraces that are connected by a monumental marble staircase. It sits above the village of Anatolia with views across the sea to Turkey. Little of the original centre remains thanks to repeated earthquakes and the use of the site as a quarry by the crusaders.

It was extensively excavated by Germans in 1902 and the Italians re-erected some Corinthian columns dating from the 2nd Century AD. A Doric temple, built 400 years earlier sits on the topmost terrace.

Asklepius was certainly born here in 460 BC and died here in 357 BC. But he spent most of his life away from Kos, traveling the Aegean and advocating a ‘scientific’ approach to medicine, gaining fame by halting plagues through the novel practices of boiling the drinking water and isolating the sick.

Platan of Hippocrates

PLATAN_BIG_648X486

Hippocrates teached medicine under the shadow of a platan, which according to tradition was self planted.

This age long platan is located in the homonym square of Platans, at the end of Kountourioti Shore and it is one of the most important sights in the town.

It is a huge, impressive tree of 2.400 years old!

The perimeter of its trunk is over 12 m.

The age long branches, tired from the endless trip through time are held up by pillars.

Tradition says that in this spot, under the shadow of Hippocrates’ platan, centuries later, Apostle Paul teached about Christianity.

Ancient Conseratoire

ANCIENT_CONSERVATOIRE

The remains of Kos’ Ancient Conservatoire were discovered in 1929.

It is located in the west-excavating zone of the ancient town. It has nine marble stages that combined the first class. Afterwards there was a diazoma that separated the rest-whitewashed stages.

Under these stages were dome-shaped rooms with statues, exhibited in the island’s Archaeological museum. Cultural exhibitions are organized in the Ancient Conservatoire.

Ancient Market

ANCIENT_MARKET

Kos’ Market was one of the biggest in the entire ancient world.

Parts of the north, east and west side, are saved.

According to recent excavations it is believed that the town’s south end reached up to the Altar of Dionysos. It has an interior yard and was surrounded by arcades with fluted pillars.

The market’s north wall was the fortified yard of the town.

Ancient Town

ANCIENT_TOWN

The town of Kos was built in the southwest end of the island.

According to historic sources it was named Astipalea and flourished in the 6th BC.

In the 4th BC after a catastrophic earthquake, residents built a new town in the northwest part of the island.

From the findings it seems that it was a town with advanced draining and water supplying system. It had an embattled port and strong walls parts of which are saved in good condition.

The remains of the ancient town are separated in 4 zones of excavations.

The port’s zone, the west, the east and the central zone. Excavations brought into light important findings.

Ancient Walls

ANCIENT_WALLS

The walls of Kos’ ancient town were built in the beginnings of the 4th BC in order to protect residents from pirate invasions.

The part of these walls saved until our days impresses for its construction. It has a thickness that reaches 6 to 8m.

To build it they used two huge blocks.

The first, parts of which the visitor can see today, extended to the town’s port. The second was distinct from the first as it ended in the port’s Thermes.

Casa Romana

CASA_ROMANAl

It is a roman style mansion built on the remains of a previous hellenistic style residence. It is dated from the beginnings of the 3rd BC.

It is one of the most important sites in the central excavating zone of the ancient town.

It has 36 rooms. In most of these are saved mosaic floors and murals.

Castle of the Knights

CASTLE_OF_KNIHTS

It is one of the most important historic monuments in Kos.

Highly impressive and imposing is one of the sights that every visitor should see.

The Knights of Ioannites tagma built it during the 14th century on the remains of the ancient town walls.

It is located in the port’s entrance, right across the shores of Minor Asia. This way Venetians were able to check all boats.

To build it they used materials from archaeological places (pillars, marble inscriptions and sepulchral steles).

The castle is consisted by two yards that are separated by a wide dike and contact with each other through a bridge.

Between the interior and exterior yard was a knightly structure (warehouse) that is now used as a museum for architectonic pieces from Kos.

The interior yard has four circular towers in the corners, while the exterior is bigger with bulky ramparts in the four corners.

Castle's Bridge

CASTLE_BRIDGE

It is right across the Castles’ entrance, in the famous avenue of Palm trees.

It is saved in good condition and connects Kos with the island that was right across it.

It was built in the same period as the Knight’s Castle, in the 13th century.

To build the bridge they used square rocks of large dimensions.

Dionysos Altar

DIOGENIS_ALTAR

The remains of Dionysos’ altar are located in the northwest part of Casa Romana.

It was built in the middle of 2nd BC and is kept in a good condition.

The altar is made from white and blue-gray marble and it is consisted of two parts.

The main altar and the ramp, through which people entered.